How to Calculate Net Income: Examples & Formula


Unlike net net income equation, gross income is how much your business has before deducting expenses. For individuals, net income matters because it shows you how much money you may be able to spend. And for a business, net income is the amount of money left over after all expenses are paid. How net income is calculated and measured may differ slightly depending on whether you’re talking about an individual or a business. For the individual, net income is the money you actually get from your paycheck each month rather than the gross amount you get paid before payroll deductions.

The net profit can be paid out to owners or reinvested in the business. Deduct non-operating expenses, which are expenses not related to product production or operations. Earnings are your company’s profits after expenses and liabilities, including taxes. Some small businesses start tracking expenses and revenue with a simple spreadsheet—but even small businesses and startups can benefit from business accounting software. For example, if your company sells a valuable piece of machinery, any gain from the sale will get included in your net income.

The Bankrate promise

Expenses like depreciation and amortization aren’t cash expenses. While they play a valuable role in accounting, they often skew the net income figure. But paying attention to trends in net income can help you understand whether or not your company is on a path to profitability even when you’re burning cash. Because even though you aren’t expected to be profitable now — it’s always the end goal for a business. Net income is the best indicator of a company’s profitability because it shows the amount its shareholders earned during a given period. Net income is how much money your business has after deducting expenses from gross income.

  • For example, a company might be losing money on its core operations.
  • A company adopts strategies to reduce costs or raise income to improve its bottom line.
  • Some of these things can include interest expense, income tax and gains or losses from selling assets.
  • Well, they’re two critical metrics used to measure a company’s profitability.
  • This is any income derived from sources other than from products or services.

The difference between your revenue for an item and your gross profit is called a profit margin, usually expressed as a percentage. Incoming revenue is vital to business growth, but it doesn’t paint the most accurate financial picture of your business. You must know whether your company is profiting after deducting business expenses. It’s calculated as the overall sales revenue of a business minus the general expenses, costs of goods sold, taxes, operational costs, and any other expenses. To come up with an accurate net income, you need to take into account all the expenses. To calculate net income, take the gross income — the total amount of money earned — then subtract expenses, such as taxes and interest payments.

Other Names for Net Income

Compared to other non-levered metrics like operating income and EBITDA, net profit is used far less often in relative valuation. Right below the net profit line item, we can also see a separate section where the earnings per share are calculated on a basic and diluted basis. The taxes owed to the government are based on the corporate tax rate and jurisdiction of the company among various other factors (e.g. net operating losses, or NOLs). The most common examples of non-operating costs are interest expense, net and any one-time expenses such as restructuring charges and write-offs (or write-downs). A lot of financial ratios are impacted by the net income number.

  • For example, companies in the automotive industry may report a high profit margin ratio but lower revenue as compared to a company in the food industry.
  • Net income, also called net profit, is a calculation that measures the amount of total revenues that exceed total expenses.
  • So net income can be one of the most important numbers for a business to know.
  • It other words, it shows how much revenues are left over after all expenses have been paid.
  • Then you can use your findings to make informed business decisions, improve your bottom line, and ultimately increase your net income, allowing you to achieve your long-term financial goals.

This is yet another reason why it’s important to keep excellent track of your business expenses, especially those that you are able to write off as a tax deduction. Imagine how much you can save your firm when your deductions are calculated properly and you don’t have to pay extra taxes for that income. First, businesses use net income to calculate their earnings per share. Earnings per share is the part of a company’s profit devoted to each share of a common stock. This is determined by taking the net income minus the dividends on preferred stock and dividing that number by the average outstanding shares.

FAQs About Net Income

Creditors want to know the company if financially sound and able to pay off its debt with successful operations. Company management is typically concerned with both investor and credit concerns along with the company’s ability to pay salaries and bonuses. Well, they’re two critical metrics used to measure a company’s profitability. Gross profit is the profit remaining after the deduction of production cost from the income generated from the sale of goods and services.


Our editors and reporters thoroughly fact-check editorial content to ensure the information you’re reading is accurate. We maintain a firewall between our advertisers and our editorial team. Our editorial team does not receive direct compensation from our advertisers. At Bankrate we strive to help you make smarter financial decisions. While we adhere to stricteditorial integrity, this post may contain references to products from our partners.

Stay up to date on the latest accounting tips and training

In contrast, net income is the amount left as the earning after deducting all the expenses, including other expenses as dividends from the gross income. Normally, an income statement is prepared for a single month or for a year.

Kinross increases gold production in 2022, posts net income of $32 … – Kitco NEWS

Kinross increases gold production in 2022, posts net income of $32 ….

Posted: Wed, 15 Feb 2023 22:52:00 GMT [source]

Note that other comprehensive is a separate category of unrealized gains and losses that is not included in the derivation of net income. Instead, other comprehensive income is placed after the net income figure in the income statement.

What is the net income formula used for?

The number you get after doing that represents the company’s net income. Net income is the profit remaining after all expenses, including business taxes—which is why it’s also sometimes referred to as net income after taxes . A company’s income statement will also show its net income before taxes, which can be helpful when comparing businesses in states that have different tax rates.

Is EBIT also net income?

Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) is a common measure of a company's operating profitability. As its name suggests, EBIT is net income excluding the effect of debt interest and taxes. Both of these costs are real cash expenses, but they're not directly generated by the company's core business operations.

Leave a Comment